Important Terms That Every Model Should Be Familiar With

Any aspiring model has a need or responsibility to know and be familiar with the day-to-day terms and Jargons of the industry.


This refers to the model agency you have signed up for. Modeling agencies are responsible for their model’s safety, overall job experience, payment and every other aspect of their job.


They are also known as model managers and are the main point of contact for models and clients. Bookers have an important responsibility of acquiring clients, selecting the right models and rate of payment for each job. They also have to inform relevant models of job opportunities and every other relevant detail.

Casting Call

Casting calls are different from agency interviews, and specific to clients and the jobs you are applying for as a model. Agency interviews ask general questions and want to find out more about you as person and to see what type of modeling job would suit you best as a model. Casting call met out specific requirements requested by clients, such as specific age, ethnicity, gender that potential clients are expecting.


Client refers to the person or organization that seeks a modeling agency to hire models for their specific project or job need. In general there are 2 categories, commercial and fashion clients. Commercial projects, such as television commercials or print advertisements need people of various types and most models are eligible for these jobs. Another is fashion, whereby clients are usually from editorials, runway modeling etcetera.

Comp card

Short for composite card is a business card for models that is given to clients as well. It contains headshots on the front, and body shots on the back of the card usually. It also contains a model’s vital statistics.

Close-up shot

Another term for headshot or portrait photo where the model’s neck and face are focused upon in the photo (can sometimes include shoulders). Facial features and emotional expressions thus take high importance in these shots.


Contains comp card, test shoots, other project photos and all the important details and information about a model. If a client is interested in a model, a portfolio of that model is presented to the client for their consideration.


Sometimes known as a Scouting agent, is the person who is responsible for finding and attracting new and potential models into the agency. They go to city centers and other high profile events such as beach parties to seek for talent, and offer them opportunities to join the agency. Scouters are trained to be aware of the industry needs and are required to be professional in their engagement with the public.

Vital Statistics

These are important numbers that indicate what category of modeling you will belong to. This helps narrow down and place you in jobs that suit your body type. The 3 numbers that consist of your vital stats are the bust, waist and hip size.

6 Unspoken Truths of the Modeling Industry

These are usually learned through personal experiences, working with modeling agencies however, we try to pick some of those and share with you in writing now.

It is not a job with a fixed timing like 9 to 5

Modeling never comes to you at a fixed and consistent timing, and if you are inflexible to accommodate timings out of the usual 9-5 range modeling will not suit you. The jobs you get won’t also be on a consistent basis, there will be times when you will be wishing for your next job, and there will be times in which you will be wishing that you had a day off. Projects come on and off on an irregular basis, as when clients select you. Patience and flexibility are key qualities that you require in this field.

Deals with a hectic schedule

You could be leading a busy and hectic lifestyle like most of the people in the region. Students are also not immune to this lifestyle, and can often forego many of their interests and activities outside of their academic curriculum.

You should know to balance between studies and a high fashion career in modeling. The hectic schedule may seem grueling, but it shows your hard work and determination to achieve your dreams.

Don’t change your hair without informing your modeling agency

Note that the agency won’t scold you for changing your hair color or cutting your hair off, but sometimes when a client requests for a particular type of hair (e.g. shampoo advertisement client) your hair is an essential part of the modeling. Hence it is wise to inform your agency of any big changes you are making to your look, so they may advise you accordingly.

Modeling is not just for young people

Modeling is a very diverse industry and agencies are always on the lookout for models of various ethnicities, ages, sizes, heights and races without discrimination as clients may have their requests for literally any kind of look. Of course, different categories of modeling have their specific set of requirements and you will be allocated to what suits your look best.

There is still some stigma around modeling

There will be people who look down or with skepticism at modeling jobs. Some may even believe it to be very superficial or not an honorable industry. However, truth is models work very hard to make a name for them. It takes just as much brainwork as beauty. Top models prove that it takes good skills, confidence and personality to excel in modeling, and not just gifted looks.

Make the most out of the events you get to attend

If you are lucky enough to be one of those who get to go for after parties or networking events, make sure to use those opportunities to get to know various clients, and have a good time.

Top 5 Modeling Myths That May Affect Your Confidence

Modern times in modeling are changing, and a lot of such information that has been circulated since the past is becoming false. We reveal 5 modeling myths so that you can be more informed and more confident to come forward to be a model.

1. You need to be size zero

This might have been true in the past where skinny was frequently related to a model. Today the industry is changing and there is, in fact, a good market for plus-size models and variety of sizes is accepted. Many of the top modeling agencies have accepted that curvy models are in demand and appeal to the market.

2. You have to be very tall

There may be strict height requirements for runway and high fashion modeling that is still in place, however, most other categories ranging from commercial, catalog, print and many other forms are more open to short heights. There is even a modeling category called petite modeling these days. It is also not impossible to break into high fashion, seeing the example of Kate Moss who was one of the first models to break into to the Supermodel scene with a height around 5’6″ or 1.67m. As long as you are passionate about the industry, you can see tremendous success being a model.

3. You are too old for modeling

Heard of senior or mature modeling? Yes, age is not a barrier for modeling! Anyone can be a model as far as you have the energy and dedication to take part and have an eventful life, modeling is for you.

4. You have to take professional photographs beforehand

If you have the time and money for it, sure go ahead, but it’s not a must. Agencies don’t expect you to be a pre-made model with all the professional photos and experience in place. What they are looking for is mostly, a fresh face that has a good attitude to develop into a professional model that will sign on with the agency for as long as possible. For starters, your smartphone quality cameras will be enough for signing up. The professional photos will be taken by the agency, the way they require it.

5. It is very easy to be rich and famous

This is a very common misconception. People watch Victoria’s Secret runway, or read vogue magazines and believe that is what a model is. Well yes, but reaching those standards isn’t going to be an overnight phenomenon. Often at the start, you will have to sideline profits and invest time and energy in building your reputation and a good track record first. Once clients start recognizing you and the agency believes in your potential, that’s when you will see a steady and good income source and start getting popular.

Stock Rustling in the American Wild West

In 1883 Captain William French left his native Ireland to try his hand at cattle ranching in New Mexico. He soon discovered ranching is as hard and challenging as the land itself. One harsh winter, like the one in 1886-7, could devastate your herd; coyotes and other natural predators were an ever-present threat; but arguably the rancher’s greatest perennial challenge was stock theft.

Stealing someone else’s stock, or rustling, is as old as the pyramids of Egypt. Ever since farmers worked the rich lands of the Nile Delta in 2700 B.C, there have been those keen to start their own herd without actually paying for it. Somehow rustlers have always had the edge over ranchers. As Captain French discovered, they used tricks to outwit the rancher that were ingeniously simple – tricks that have never been written down, but which have instead been passed down through the generations by word of mouth.

“Sleepering” is a good example. In order to succeed, a rustler had to think like the average cowboy when checking for unbranded stock. He knew that the first place anyone would look were the ears. A marked ear indicated the animal had been branded. The key to a rustler’s plan was to identify the unmarked or ‘slick-eared’ calf that hadn’t yet been weaned, and mark its ears to match the mother’s. Approximate location duly noted, he would leave the calf where he’d found it.

Herds were large, often numbering thousands. The rustlers knew this and relied on cowhands doing a casual check, just noting the earmark, and moving on to the next animal. The trick was to return when the calf reached weaning size and before the annual round-up conducted by every ranch. The rustler would separate the young animal from its mother and drive it away to his own corral where he would brand it with his own stamp before releasing it well away from the legitimate owner’s territory. The original earmark could now either be altered to suit or ignored because the brand overrode it.

The calf paid its own price. In order to overcome the strong bond it had with its mother, ruthless tactics were employed to incapacitate it and stop it returning to her. Cutting the muscles supporting the animal’s eyelids, thus ensuring temporary blindness, was one unsavoury practice; another was to apply a hot iron between the animal’s toes.

The end of the American Civil War and Abraham Lincoln’s Homesteading Act of 1862 saw a huge movement of new settlers moving west. For the cattle rustler the opportunities were greater but so were the risks; the space in which to hide their ill-gotten gains steadily shrank. The ranchers, aware that the rustlers always seemed to be one step ahead, began striking back. In Wyoming the Maverick Act conferred immediate ownership of unbranded cattle on the cattlemen’s association and cooperative round-ups started. The cattle rustler was forced to act smarter. He adopted a cloak of legitimacy, buying stock of his own and lawfully registering his own brand – sometimes more than one brand. He targeted those neighbours with a brand that could easily be altered to match his own.

Forced to target branded stock, his methods became more brutal. When the calf’s earmark couldn’t easily be tampered with such as to match the one being used alongside the altered brand, one solution was to cut off the animal’s ear down to the base. The law belatedly responded with an act prohibiting removal of more than half an ear, and restricted mutilation to just one ear per animal. Then when the existing law enforcement proved to be ineffective, the ranchers resorted to hiring quasi-legal vigilante groups who enforced swift and brutal justice with bullet and rope.

The Johnson County War of 1892, which heralded the end of open, unfettered grazing, and the introduction of barbed-wire fencing, brought large-scale rustling to an end. However thieves continued to use their ingenuity to outwit the rancher. The cattle men responded, but their methods became subtler. Cooperating with each other, they kept an eye on known or suspected rustlers; calf ‘plants’ with special colouring or marks were left as bait where the rustler could not fail to see them. Ranchers started to use ‘character’ brands which were deliberately made easy to copy and which thus enabled them to trap the unwitting rustler.

Stringent laws and modern-day technology have not put an end to the phenomenon of rustling. Surprisingly, micro-chipping isn’t as effective as branding for large herds and no full-proof method of indicating ownership has yet been discovered.

The Job Of Casting Talents For A Film

Aspiring actors undergo a tedious process in auditions before they can get the role in a commercial or film. In this kind of industry, competition is always tough. In a pool of people who fall in line for auditions, there will be hundreds who want the same role so badly just like you. Some are even seasoned and have years of experience which make them more fit for some roles as compared to newbies. To stand out in the roster and have a fighting chance in getting the role you want, it’s very important to know both the common and specific requirements of a casting agency. Agents and directors say that they can easily separate good candidates from those they can’t work with based on this set of qualities.

1. Overall look. This doesn’t pertain to your physical appearance only but your overall presence. You need to present yourself as the role you’re targeting. Your face, body, how you stand, and your expressions and gestures should be compatible with the character that the casting agencies are looking for. This will require a great amount of calculation on your part, but be flexible in order to look and become the person they are looking for.

2. Ability to act. You want to be flawless when you demonstrate your acting skills. When you’re acting, you don’t want to appear like you are acting. You need to look and sound as natural as possible. You need to be able to present yourself as the character instead of someone just playing that character – so be completely convincing.

3. Complete professionalism. Arriving on time, having your lines completely memorized, looking good, and being ready to take every instruction well are all qualities of a professional that casting directors look for.

4. Passionate attitude. This clearly indicates how serious you are about the career you’ve chosen. You need to be able to prove that you’re ready to overcome the challenges that the acting job will present, and be the character. If the directors say you need to lose weight, cut your hair, speak with an accent, learn martial arts or jump off a building, they want to hear that you can do something to make it possible

5. Confidence. This isn’t something that can be faked. You need to be able to show that you believe in yourself and can demonstrate courage, especially when asked to do something very challenging.

Finding The Beauty In Judaica Art

There’s a lot of different ways that you can celebrate the amazing elements of Judaica. But did you know that there’s a lot of fine art that exemplifies this world? You may see some things here and there, especially around the holidays, but there are fine artisan crafts and pieces that you can explore on a deeper level out there. There’s something glorious about art that comes Judaica, and you’ll see that there’s something great to explore if you just know where to look.

Beyond The Basics

When you think of Jewish art, you may immediately think of the Star of David. You may also think of symbols that celebrate the rich history of the Torah and other elements that come with the faith. But did you know that there are other things to explore? There’s so many symbols that can be found sacred to those that keep the faith, and are from the lineage of David. Many of these symbols are transformed into incredible pieces of art, with gold, silver, and other fine metals. The design goes beyond the basics, so that you are able to honor the art form and celebrate the Jewish tradition all the same.

Finding Options

Finding Judaica is not that hard. You will find that there’s a lot to explore online. Amidst the many options that you will see, you may be drawn to what’s available on Jewish art comes alive with a unique artistic touch that you will not find anywhere else. There’s a true beauty to the forms and spaces utilized in the pieces found here, and you’ll definitely be amazed at what can be put together. Finding options can be easy, but stepping into a whole new world of art can be a bit tough, which is why this solution is well worth exploring on a deeper level.

For One and All

Whether you’re Jewish, or you have family, friends, or simply want to celebrate the faith and culture, you owe it to yourself to look at the amazing Judaica art that is being produced today. Never before has so much amazing work been on display and for sale. Whether you choose one piece or several, you’ll no doubt sense the glory that comes with the amazing pieces put together today. Going beyond the basics, and finding new beauty in the past, present, and future is made simple when you know where to look. The designs will certainly enthrall you.

Let’s Talk About Art

When I just graduated from art school life seemed easy. I would make art in my work room, bring it to a gallery and the gallery would sell it.

Things are a bit different nowadays. I am my own vendor and sell my work at the market. And guess what: that’s lots of fun. People look at my work and I am able to explain what I do, how a certain technique works, why I am doing this, what I want my work to express, why I became a sculptor. And people can tell me what they like about my sculptures and why. When I still sold my work through galleries I had no contact with my buyers at all. People who bought something made me a compliment by the purchase. The owner of the gallery told her customers what “this sculptor” wanted to reveal with her work. She then told them her own opinion of the work and why she had it in her gallery.

Trying to fathom a work of art can be quite challenging. Especially endeavouring to connect with it, feel affected or even be moved by it. Any form of guidance can be helpful, such as a title, the explanation of a similar piece by the same artist or a small story. Sculptures communicate through imagery and we happen to be more familiar with verbal interaction. So in order to really grasp the context of the statue a certain susceptibility to symbolism is required. But even though developing a fluency in visual language can be arduous don’t be discouraged, you can start practicing at any moment. And just like other foreign languages it can be really demanding when you start, so the use of words can help you. This used to be the task of the gallery owner and now I do that myself.

Being my own merchant at the market also yields interesting conversations regarding art or philosophy and what people do or do not like about my work. And their reaction isn’t always verbal. The other day a small girl walked past my stall and she caressed four portraits one by one. It was an endearing sight and she promptly left without saying a single word. But the urge to touch something is a compliment. I like the fact that someone feels herself bodily drawn towards my work. It doesn’t bother me that she used an unusual sensor to express her attraction. I recognize that feeling. When I see a beautiful statue I too want to stroke it. And more often than not that is not allowed. Nice to know that permission is granted at my stall!

Talking about art is always a pleasure. About the essence of beauty and why that is important to somebody. That’s what I like about the market. People look at and talk about my work.

Reproductions With Mold Making and Casting

Mold making and casting is an easy and fun way to make numerous copies of a sculpture or other ready piece.

The process begins with making a mold of the original model. A mold is nothing but a negative of the model that is made by applying a mold making material around the model. This hollow cavity can be made with a variety of materials such as simple clay, wax and gypsum or more elaborate materials such as moulage, polyurethane resin, silicone rubber, latex rubber, thermoset rubber and the like. Alginate is a skin-safe material that is particularly useful for making molds from the human body.

Molds can be made using different techniques ranging from simply pouring or brushing the mold making material all over the original model to more complicated glove, slush and injection mold making methods. Again, if the model is quite complicated with undercuts on all sides, the mold will have to be made in two or more parts which come together to form the complete mold later. You will need to make spues and keys as well. The setting time and demolding time of the material needs to be kept in mind to ensure that the mold comes off properly.

Once a mold is ready, it is time to make a cast. Now a cast is a positive of the model and once finished, will be an exact reproduction of the original model. Again, this opens up a choice of materials such as plaster, gypsum, latex rubber, silicone rubber, polyurethane resin and more. It is even possible to make faux metal, wood and stone casts by using appropriate cold casting powders. In fact, the choice of mold making material often depends on the material you want to finally cast in the mold.

You may even need to add fillers to give the appropriate feel to the cast. Once demolded properly, the cast has to be finished by cleaning, brushing, buffing and polishing. Some chipping also may be needed. Paints and makeup is what provides the final finished look to the cast.

Both mold making and casting require the use of release agents to ensure that the demolding is smooth and easy. They also call for specific tools and equipment for practicing the art.

In sum, making molds and casts is enjoyable and interesting too. However, it requires care and practice to perfect the art before you will be able to churn out accurate reproductions of anything you wish.

Last but not the least; the most beautiful casts will still look incomplete without a name plate specifying the details of the art piece. You would do better to opt for an engraved brass name plate in an elegant low luster finish. The brass name plate will stylishly announce the title of the cast, date and your name as the artist.

Be Yourself, Respect Yourself, and Do What You Can

Finding time to savor some quiet as the old year ends and new one is about to begin is a wonderful gift to give yourself.

Yesterday afternoon, as the waning sun’s light burnished the winter treetops golden outside my window, I was doing just that. Enjoying the twilight moment, I started clearing up some files on the bookshelf behind my desk and came upon three quotations that I’d saved to use one day.

“What better day than now!” I thought… so here they are:

Be who you are and say what you feel, because those who mind don’t matter and those who matter don’t mind. Dr. SeussSelf-respect is the fruit of discipline; the sense of dignity grows with the ability to say no to oneself. Abraham Joshua Heschel

I am only one; but still I am one. I cannot do everything, but I still can do something. I will not refuse to do the something I can do. Helen Keller

What a rich smorgasbord of wisdom to consider and carry into a new year – or a new day, for that matter! And I was interested to note that each insight relates to boundaries. Boundaries are one of my very favorite time management subjects.

But, what do these quotes have to do with boundaries?

Well, what I would say is that the more comfortable you are with your boundaries, the more at ease and confident you’re going to be with sharing yourself, your ideas, and your feelings with other people. That’s because when you have good, strong boundaries, you know that you are okay, no matter what.

So, when your boundaries are strong and clear, you know, right in your bones, that another person’s feeling or opinion about you is theirs and really says nothing about you. Secure in yourself, you can share authentically and allow others the space to share in the same way.

Not only that, but what you say yes to and what you say no to determines how you spend your time. And these no’s and yes’s are boundaries. Saying no to one thing enables you to more fully focus on another. This is a boundary-setting skill that is foundational to your time success.

Finally, boundaries tell you where you end and the other person begins. You are one, and only one. Knowing this helps you empower yourself to do what you can do, no matter what.

It’s a misconception to think of boundaries as barriers. In reality, knowing yourself and your boundaries frees you to focus productively in the time that you have, and to relate much more openly… it’s the heart-based way!

How to Approach Promotional Modeling Agencies

Promotional modeling is a specific form of modeling targeted at promoting a good, service or brand. It is not to be confused with being an ambassador for a brand, but rather its primary intention is to create a positive appeal for the brand in order to boost sales.

How should you Look Like?

The harsh truth of the industry is that a certain standard or conventional body size and beautiful figure will be expected of you in promotional modeling. This is because clients would naturally want themselves and the public to associate these models positively with their brand. The restrictions are definitely much lower than that of fashion models, and the work is relatively much less stressful, however, in general, a height of above 165cm and a slender figure would be expected.

Also keep in mind when approaching a modeling agency to not wear anything too grand or fanciful. Anything that you are comfortable with, akin to a t-shirt and jeans style, is enough during your casting call or audition. This is because as a promotional model there will be a large variety of clothes you will wear depending on your client’s contract offer, hence just wear simple clothes, with simple makeup and let the clients and modeling agencies use their creativity to assess the suitability of your look with the style that they want.

Communicative Skills

Work on speaking fluently and confidently when you approach a modeling agency. As a promotional model looking good is just one aspect; a more important aspect is your ability to sell a product, service or idea. You should be able to engage with customers in conversation and convince them of your product or service’s benefits.

This becomes even more important if you can establish yourself to be a spokes model. You will sign a contract with a company and represent the company as the face of the brand. You would be appearing in advertisements, traveling around, and meeting with various people associated with your brand. You should thus be able to articulate the work you do and add value to the brand, product or service you are modeling for.

Research on the Various Industry Types

There are a plethora of industries promotional models can be in. You should identify some key industries of your interest and identify the modeling agencies that have successfully placed models in such industries. For example, if you love cars or love motor vehicles, perhaps the design, speed and other aspects of it, then your interest to work as a promotional model could likely lie in the automobile industry. You should then approach an agency by researching on their background work first and in your first interview state your passion and preferences for the industry and work you would like to be involved in.

However, if you are a model starting out don’t get too choosy. Take up the job opportunities you get first. Gain industry experience, modeling expertise and prove your worth to the agency. Soon enough you will be considered for the modeling work that you like. Your networking skills will not only land you the job as a promotional model but will also mean how fast you progress in the industry.